Submit a Proposal for a Presentation

Note: The role you are currently using is a different role from your usual role. The messages below are those that would appear if you were actually logged in as a user with this role. The messages are displayed for testing purposes, and they may not strictly be relevant to your actual registration status.

In order to add, edit or delete a presentation proposal for this conference, you need to log in to this website and enrol in this Moodle course.

If you have a username but are not enrolled in this Moodle course, please click here to enrol and then revisit this page to continue the proposal submission process.

To add a presentation proposal, please click the "Add entry" link below, and fill out the form on the next page.

To edit a presentation proposal, please click the "View single" link below, and then click the edit icon on the next page.

To delete a presentation proposal, please click the "View single" link below, and then click the delete icon on the next page.

Warning: A non-numeric value encountered in /var/www/moodle/35/mod/data/field/admin/field.class.php on line 509
ID : 320
Original submission :
Title : A Pilot Study on Using Eye Tracking Technology to Understand Reading Behaviour of 12-Year-Old Average Readers
Type : Paper (25 minutes)
Category : Individual session
Abstract :

Each reader has specific characteristics but the study that focuses on average readers’ oculomotor behaviours is still scarcely done. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the patterns of average readers by comparing participants’ oculomotor rates recorded using an eye-tracking apparatus with their comprehension score and gaze plot observation. This pilot study involved 20 participants aged 12 who were identified as average readers using Cambridge Assessment KET Reading and Writing test at A2 level. Identified participants are then divided into expeditious and careful reading groups. These two groups were required to read narrative, expository and info-graphic texts during the eye tracking observation. In this Explanatory Sequential Mixed Method (QUAN-qual) design, Eye-Tracking Tobi Pro 2 Glasses 50Hz was employed to collect participants’ oculomotor rates. The saccadic rates were analysed using SPSS and triangulated with data from exit interviews and gaze plot observations. The preliminary findings indicated that: (1) participants did not perform second reading to reaffirm their understanding; (2) participants skipped unknown words but continued reading the whole text;  (3) saccadic rates in expository text were slightly lower than the narrative text, and (4) participants’ eyes did not re-focus to the last word (area of interest) after leaving the reading parameter.

Keywords : Average Readers, Careful Reading, Expeditious Reading, Eye-Tracking, Reading,
Conference theme : Application of technology to the language classroom
Presentation times :
Main presenter : Mr. Warid Mihat
Name order :
Affiliation : National University of Malaysia (Bangi , Malaysia)
Email address :
Biography : WARID MIHAT is a PhD Student at Eye Tracking Analysis Lab (ETAL), National University of Malaysia. His research interest is in Second Language Literacy Development from neuro psycholinguistics perspectives. He is currently working on understanding average readers' reading behaviour based on their oculomotor behaviours on the stimuli. 
Co-presenters : Co-presenter (2) : Prof. Hazita Azman (ETAL, National University of Malaysia) Co-presenter (3) : Dr. Soh Or Kan (ETAL, National University of Malaysia)
Added by :
Date added : Friday, 8 March 2019, 8:07 PM
Date modified : Saturday, 27 July 2019, 8:16 PM
Message from the
Vetting Committee :
Peer review :
Submission status : Accepted
Schedule number : 208-P
Schedule day : Aug 9th (Fri)
Schedule time : 10: 20 - 10: 45
Schedule duration : 25 mins
Schedule room name : A103
Schedule room seats : 30 seats
Schedule audience :