Presentation Proposals for GLoCALL 2021

Opened: Saturday, 1 December 2018, 12:00 AM [JST]

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Main presenter
Mr. Chee Hao SUE
HELP University (Selangor, Malaysia)
Presenter [2]
Dr. THANG Siew Ming HELP University
Presenter [3]
Dr. Jennifer TAN HELP University
Presenter [4]
Dr. WONG Hoo Keat University of Nottingham Malaysia
Presenter [5]
Presentation details
Presentation title
To what extent do pictures support Malaysian children’s comprehension of stories: An eye-tracking experiment
Presentation abstract
There is a dearth of studies investigating the cognitive process behind the development of literacy skills among young children. This research attempts to address this in a Malaysian context using an experimental procedure created with eye-tracking technology. The children were exposed to four conditions: (a) listening to a narration and viewing a congruent picture with text, (b) listening to a narration and viewing a incongruent picture with text, (c) viewing a picture with text without narration and (d) listening to a narration and viewing a text. The main objectives of this project are to test which content of pictures helps the students understand the narration and the text, and also to test whether children try to create a coherent mental representation from the oral narration and the pictures. The 22 children (age 5 to 6) for this study came from a kindergarten in Kuala Lumpur. An eye tracker was used to identify areas of interest of each picture and calculate number of fixations and total time spent on the pictures and written texts. The findings revealed that children strongly preferred pictures to texts but when narration was not present, they spent more time looking at the text, reflecting a greater amount of mental effort in processing words when the verbal information was unavailable.
Original submission
eye-tracking, children's storytelling, literacy, picture stimulus
Emerging technologies
Possible presentation times
Presentation video
Comments or questions
Submitted by
Chee Hao Sue
Submitted: Monday, 27 September 2021, 11:43 PM [JST]
Modified: Monday, 18 October 2021, 2:02 PM [JST]
Peer review
Peer review score
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