Presentation Proposals for GLoCALL 2021

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Main presenter
Mr. Warid MIHAT
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (Kota Bharu , Malaysia)
Presenter [2]
Prof. Hazita AZMAN Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Presenter [3]
Dr. Or Kan SOH Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Presenter [4]
Presenter [5]
Presentation details
Presentation title
Mapping reading profiles of basic readers to CEFR reading standards based on oculomotor behaviour observations
Presentation abstract
Past studies suggested that understanding the congruency between readers’ reading behaviours and target reading outcomes is imperative in improving students’ reading proficiency. This research, therefore, aims to evaluate the aligned reading standards through the reading profiles developed based on oculomotor behaviour observations. In an attempt to develop comprehensive reading profiles of basic readers in Malaysia, this research approaches this issue with a new perspective through the eye-mind hypothesis (EMH). Towards this end, eighty 12-year-old participants were identified as basic readers through the Key English Test (KET) and divided systematically into two groups to reflect different reading purposes: 1. expeditious reading group and 2. careful reading group. 3-phase mixed methods evaluation design is employed in the research methodology. The first phase observes participants’ oculomotor behaviours when they read narrative, expository, and infographic texts using an eye tracker Tobi-Pro Glasses 100 Hz. Next, phase two identifies arising themes in phase 1 for reading profiles development. Concurrently, phase two also identifies types of basic readers through cluster analysis and gaze-plot recording observations. Finally, phase three of this study evaluates the aligned reading standards by mapping it to the reading profiles developed earlier. The findings revealed a profile of nine characteristics that describe the basic readers in the Malaysian context: 1. fixation durations per word are similar across different texts, 2. do rereading at the micro-level, 3. show multidimensional relationship across sentence types, 4. skip information and text features, 5. make double fixation at short content and function words, 6. make desegmentation between sentences, 7. influenced by pathological schemata, 8. gain benefits from spending longer time processing information, and 9. require exposure towards different reading tasks. This study found three new elements that should be added to the reading standards through the mapping process. These elements include readers being able to navigate on all information in the text, reconfirm their understanding, and read for different purposes.
Original submission
reading profiles, basic readers, expeditious setting, careful reading, eye-tracking
Application of technology to the language classroom
Possible presentation times
Presentation video
Comments or questions
Submitted by
Warid Mihat
Submitted: Friday, 25 June 2021, 2:04 AM [JST]
Modified: Wednesday, 6 October 2021, 11:23 AM [JST]
Peer review
Peer review score
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